Butterflies and other insects of Transylvania

by Paul White

Updated on May 18th, 2020

The forests and meadows in Transylvania are buzzing with insect life, in large part because they are not exposed to herbicides and insecticides. There are many species that I have never seen before so I am always seeking assistance with identification.

1. Latin name: Argynnis paphia
Common name: Silver-washed Fritillary
Cross reference

2. Latin name: Aculepeira ceropegia
Common name: Oak Spider
Information supplied by: Craioveanu Cristina
Cross reference: 1 + 2

3. Latin name: Zygaena purpuralis
Common name: Transparent Burnet moth
Information supplied by: Debi Heath
Cross reference 1 + 2

4. Latin name: Melitaea Athalia
Common name: Heath Fritillary
Information supplied by: Dale Sutton
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5. Latin name: Melanargia Galathea
Common name: Marbled White
Information supplied by: Dale Sutton
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6. Latin name: Pholidoptera griseoaptera
Common name: Dark Bush-Cricket 
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7. Latin name: Polyomattus Icarus    
Common name: Common Blue
Information supplied by: Dora Anderson - Matt Rowlings - Cristina Craioveanu
Cross reference 

8. Latin name: Argynnis pandora
Common name: Cardinal
Information supplied by: İnanc Doganay
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9. Latin name: Stictoleptura rubra
Common name: Red Longhorn Beetle (Female)
Information supplied by: Adrian Ruicanescu
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10. Latin name: Mantis religiosa
Common name: Praying Mantis or European Mantis
Information supplied by: Ginny Battson
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11. Latin name: Simyra albovenosa
Common name: Reed Dagger
Information supplied by: Marc Bulte
Cross reference: 1 + 2

12. Latin name: Subgenus Eurymeloe
Common name: Oil beetle
Information supplied by: Boris Büche
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13. Latin name: Scarabaeus melolontha
Common name: Cockchafer or May bug
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14. Latin name: Lucanus cervus
Common name: Stag Beetle
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15. Latin name: Zygaena trifolii
Common name: Five-spot Burnet moth
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16. Latin name: Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (Gryllotalpidae)
Common name: European mole cricket
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17. Latin name: Erebia medusa
Common name: Woodland ringlet
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18. Latin name: Cupido argiades
Common name: Short-tailed Blue
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19. Latin name: Limenitis populi
Common name: Poplar Admiral
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20. Latin name: Angerona prunaria
Common name: Orange moth
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21. Latin name: Lycaena phlaeas
Common name: Small copper
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22. Latin name: Lasiommata megera
Common name: Wall butterfly
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23. Latin name: Papilio machaon
Common name: Old World swallowtail
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24. Latin name: Nymphalis antiopa
Common name: Mourning cloak
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25. Latin name: Apatura iris
Common name: Purple Emperor
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26. Latin name: Trachea atriplicis
Common name: Orache Moth
Identified by: Stewart Sexton
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27. Latin name: Pachyiulus hungaricus
Common name: Hungarian Pachyiulus
Identified by: Dimitar Boevski
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