Butterflies and other insects of Transylvania

by Paul White

Updated on May 18th, 2020

The forests and meadows in Transylvania are buzzing with insect life, in large part because they are not exposed to herbicides and insecticides. There are many species that I have never seen before so I am always seeking assistance with identification.

Silver-washed Fritillary - Argynnis paphia
1. Latin name: Argynnis paphia
Common name: Silver-washed Fritillary
Cross reference

2. Latin name: Aculepeira ceropegia
Common name: Oak Spider
Information supplied by: Craioveanu Cristina
Cross reference: 1 + 2

3. Latin name: Zygaena purpuralis
Common name: Transparent Burnet moth
Information supplied by: Debi Heath
Cross reference 1 + 2

4. Latin name: Melitaea Athalia
Common name: Heath Fritillary
Information supplied by: Dale Sutton
Cross reference

5. Latin name: Melanargia Galathea
Common name: Marbled White
Information supplied by: Dale Sutton
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6. Latin name: Pholidoptera griseoaptera
Common name: Dark Bush-Cricket 
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7. Latin name: Polyomattus Icarus    
Common name: Common Blue
Information supplied by: Dora Anderson - Matt Rowlings - Cristina Craioveanu
Cross reference 

8. Latin name: Argynnis pandora
Common name: Cardinal
Information supplied by: İnanc Doganay
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9. Latin name: Stictoleptura rubra
Common name: Red Longhorn Beetle (Female)
Information supplied by: Adrian Ruicanescu
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Praying or European Mantis (Mantis religiosa)
10. Latin name: Mantis religiosa
Common name: Praying Mantis or European Mantis
Information supplied by: Ginny Battson
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11. Latin name: Simyra albovenosa
Common name: Reed Dagger
Information supplied by: Marc Bulte
Cross reference: 1 + 2

Oil of Blister beetle
12. Latin name: Meloe ?specie
Common name: Oil or blister beetle
Information supplied by: Lisa Stuart
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Mating Cockchafers (May bugs)
13. Latin name: Scarabaeus melolontha
Common name: Cockchafer or May bug
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European Stag Beetle (Lucanus cervus)
14. Latin name: Lucanus cervus
Common name: Stag Beetle
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Five-spot Burnet moth
15. Latin name: Zygaena trifolii
Common name: Five-spot Burnet moth
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European Mole cricket - Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa
16. Latin name: Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (Gryllotalpidae)
Common name: European mole cricket
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Woodland Ringlet - Erebia medusa
17. Latin name: Erebia medusa
Common name: Woodland ringlet
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Short-tailed Blue - Cupido argiades (1 of 1)
18. Latin name: Cupido argiades
Common name: Short-tailed Blue
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Poplar Admiral
19. Latin name: Limenitis populi
Common name: Poplar Admiral
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Orange Moth - Angerona prunaria
20. Latin name: Angerona prunaria
Common name: Orange moth
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Small copper - Lycaena phlaeas (1 of 1)
21. Latin name: Lycaena phlaeas
Common name: Small copper
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Wall butterfly - Lasiommata megera
22. Latin name: Lasiommata megera
Common name: Wall butterfly
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Old World swallowtail - Papilio machaon
23. Latin name: Papilio machaon
Common name: Old World swallowtail
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Nymphalis antiopa - Mourning cloak
24. Latin name: Nymphalis antiopa
Common name: Mourning cloak
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Purple Emperor - Apatura iris
25. Latin name: Apatura iris
Common name: Purple Emperor
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Orache Moth (Trachea atriplicis)
26. Latin name: Trachea atriplicis
Common name: Orache Moth
Identified by: Stewart Sexton
Cross reference